Yemen Politics

Political system

Yemen is a presidential republic. According to the country’s constitution, power is shared between an elected president, a 301-member parliament and a 111-member council.

The constitution also states that the candidate with the most votes is elected president. There must be at least two candidates in the election and each of them must receive the support of at least 15 members of parliament. Meanwhile, the country’s prime minister, who must receive the support of 2/3 of the members of parliament, is delegated by the president. According to the constitution, the term of office of the country’s president lasts seven years, and that of the parliament lasts six years. All citizens over the age of 18 have the right to vote in the country.

Ali Abdullah Saleh was the first president of Yemen. Since 1978, he was the ruler of North Yemen and remained in this position after the unification of Yemen. in 2006 he was re-elected as the country’s president again.

in 2003 In April, parliamentary elections were held in the country, which were won by the General Congress of the Population of Yemen.

Unlike other Islamic countries, alcohol consumption by non-Muslims is tolerated in Yemen.

Geography

According to clothingexpress, Yemen is a union of two states, the youngest country in the Middle East in the mountainous, arid southwest of the Arabian Peninsula.

Since 1992 until 2000 Yemen argued with Saudi Arabia and Oman, but eventually reached an agreement. Yemen also owns several islands, the largest of which is Socotra (area 3579 km²). The country has access to the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Yemen is conveniently located, and Aden has been an important port for more than 2,000 years. The surface of the country is varied, a semi- desert stretches along the Red Sea, gradually turning into mountains and plateaus with many deep valleys. To the east of the central region stretches a mountainous desert and mountains.

The amount of precipitation varies and depends on the area. The southern coast receives no more than 100 mm of rainfall per year, while the western region receives about 750 mm.

The most densely populated, the wettest region of Yemen is home to the country’s largest city, the capital Sana’a, and other cities such as Ibb and Taiz.

Yemen’s cities have the least number of people compared to other Arab countries. More than half of the economically active population is engaged in agriculture, usually working small plots of land. In order to have more cultivated land, terraces were installed on the mountain slopes.

Demographics

As many as 46.2% of the population of Yemen are people under the age of 15. Only 2.7% of the country’s population is aged 65 and over. Yemen’s birth rate is one of the highest in the world: if all women lived through their childbearing years, the average woman would give birth to 6.32 children per lifetime, according to current rates. In comparison, this indicator is 3.83 in Saudi Arabia and 1.51 in the European Union.

99% of Yemen’s population is Muslim. Of these, 55-70% are Sunni and 30-45% are Shia. Sunnis live mainly in the south and southeast of the country, while Shiites live in the north and northwest. The rest of the population is mostly Jews, Christians and Hindus.

Many Yemenis are of Arab origin. The official language of the country is Arabic, but in the big cities more and more people understand English. Several South Arabian Semitic languages ​​are also spoken in the east.

According to 2003 According to estimates, male literacy in the country is 50.2% and female literacy is 30%. The average life expectancy is 63.27 years. Although the health system has improved in recent decades, it remains underdeveloped. There are an average of 3 doctors and 6.1 hospital beds per 10,000 inhabitants. The situation in the villages is particularly bad. Most deaths among children are caused by diseases for which vaccines exist.

Yemen Politics